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Bird & Pigeon Control - Did you know?

State bird:
Mountain Bluebird

Northern Nevada Pest Control Bird control products for Nevada are effective safe and humane. Do you have problems with Pigeons? Call us for effective products and services designed to solve the toughest pest bird problems. We take pride as a professional pest control company. One of our specialities is bird control. Bird control is and should be a growing concern for property owners such as home owners, businesses, and schools. Most Birds such as Swallows, Pigeons, Crows, Sparrows, Starlings, and Seagulls can cause damage to homes and create unwanted health risks. Barn-Swallows and Cliff Swallows can ruin the eaves of your home and pigeons can create unwanted accumulated hazardous feces. The answer to most bird problems isn't solved by simply removing the problem. Removing the problem only creates an opening for the same predicament to reoccur. Our obligation as professionals and objective in bird control removal is to, of course, eliminate the problem but also prevent it from happening again. Bird control should be and is a multi step process: inspecting, removing/trapping, cleaning, and proofing. Without proper proofing the problem may re-occur causing a routine bird control service. Call for your free quote today! 775-771-2010

The List of Nevada birds lists every wild bird species seen in the U.S. state of Nevada, based on the list published by the Nevada Birds Records Committee.

Only birds that are considered to have established, self-sustaining, wild populations in Nevada are included on this list. This means that birds that are considered probable escapees, although they may have been sighted flying free in Nevada, are not included on this list. Introduced species that are not native to North America, but were brought to this continent by man are marked on this list as (I).

Ducks, Geese, and Swans

Canada GooseOrder: Anseriformes Family: Anatidae

Ducks, Geese, and Swans

The family Anatidae includes the ducks and most duck-like waterfowl, such as geese and swan. These are birds that are modified for an aquatic existence with webbed feet, bills which are flattened to a greater or lesser extent, and feathers that are excellent at shedding water due to special oils. There are 131 species world wide, 61 North American species, and 39 Nevada species.

Ducks, Geese, and Swans

The family Anatidae includes the ducks and most duck-like waterfowl, such as geese and swan. These are birds that are modified for an aquatic existence with webbed feet, bills which are flattened to a greater or lesser extent, and feathers that are excellent at shedding water due to special oils. There are 131 species world wide, 61 North American species, and 39 Nevada species.

The List of Nevada birds lists every wild bird species seen in the U.S. state of Nevada, based on the list published by the Nevada Birds Records Committee.

 

Only birds that are considered to have established, self-sustaining, wild populations in Nevada are included on this list. This means that birds that are considered probable escapees, although they may have been sighted flying free in Nevada, are not included on this list. Introduced species that are not native to North America, but were brought to this continent by man are marked on this list as (I).

 

Ducks, Geese, and Swans

Canada GooseOrder: Anseriformes Family: Anatidae

 

The family Anatidae includes the ducks and most duck-like waterfowl, such as geese and swan. These are birds that are modified for an aquatic existence with webbed feet, bills which are flattened to a greater or lesser extent, and feathers that are excellent at shedding water due to special oils. There are 131 species world wide, 61 North American species, and 39 Nevada species.

 

Black-bellied Whistling-Duck, Dendrocygna autumnalis

Fulvous Whistling-Duck, Dendrocygna bicolor

Greater White-fronted Goose, Anser albifrons

Snow Goose, Chen caerulescens

Ross's Goose, Chen rossii

Brant, Branta bernicla

Cackling Goose, Branta hutchinsonii

Canada Goose, Branta canadensis

Trumpeter Swan, Cygnus buccinator

Tundra Swan, Cygnus columbianus

Wood Duck, Aix sponsa

Gadwall, Anas strepera

Eurasian Wigeon, Anas penelope

American Wigeon, Anas americana

American Black Duck, Anas rubripes

Mallard, Anas platyrhynchos

Blue-winged Teal, Anas discors

Cinnamon Teal, Anas cyanoptera

Northern Shoveler, Anas clypeata

Northern Pintail, Anas acuta

Green-winged Teal, Anas crecca

Canvasback, Aythya valisineria

Redhead, Aythya americana

Ring-necked Duck, Aythya collaris

Greater Scaup, Aythya marila

Lesser Scaup, Aythya affinis

King Eider, Somateria spectabilis

Harlequin Duck, Histrionicus histrionicus

Surf Scoter, Melanitta perspicillata

White-winged Scoter, Melanitta fusca

Black Scoter, Melanitta nigra

Long-tailed Duck, Clangula hyemalis

Bufflehead, Bucephala albeola

Common Goldeneye, Bucephala clangula

Barrow's Goldeneye, Bucephala islandica

Hooded Merganser, Lophodytes cucullatus

Common Merganser, Mergus merganser

Red-breasted Merganser, Mergus serrator

Ruddy Duck, Oxyura jamaicensis

[edit] Partridges, Grouse, Turkeys, and Old World QuailOrder: Galliformes Family: Phasianidae

 

The Phasianidae is a family of birds which consists of the pheasants and their allies. These are terrestrial species, variable in size but generally plump, with broad relatively short wings. Many species are gamebirds, or have been domesticated as a food source for humans. There are 180 species world wide, 16 North American species, and 10 Nevada species.

 

Chukar, Alectoris chukar (I)

Himalayan Snowcock, Tetraogallus himalayensis (I)

Grey Partridge,Perdix perdix (I)

Ring-necked Pheasant, Phasianus colchicus (I)

Ruffed Grouse, Bonasa umbellus

Greater Sage-Grouse,Centrocercus urophasianus

Dusky Grouse, Dendragapus obscurus

Sooty Grouse, Dendragapus fuliginosus

Sharp-tailed Grouse, Tympanuchus phasianellus

Wild Turkey, Meleagris gallopavo

[edit] New World QuailOrder: Galliformes Family: Odontophoridae

 

The New World quails are small, plump terrestrial birds only distantly related to the quails of the Old World, but named for their similar appearance and habits. There are 32 species, worldwide, all found only in the Americas, 6 North American species, and 3 Nevada species.

 

Mountain Quail, Callipepla pictus

California Quail, Callipepla californica

Gambel's Quail, Callipepla gambelii

[edit] LoonsOrder: Gaviiformes Family: Gaviidae

 

Loons are aquatic birds the size of a large duck, to which they are unrelated. Their plumage is largely grey or black, and they have spear-shaped bills. Loons swim well, and fly adequately, but, because their legs are placed towards the rear of the body, are almost hopeless on land. There are five species worldwide, 5 North American species, and 4 Nevada species.

 

Red-throated Loon, Gavia stellata

Pacific Loon, Gavia pacifica

Common Loon, Gavia immer

Yellow-billed Loon, Gavia adamsii

[edit] GrebesOrder: Podicipediformes Family: Podicipedidae

 

Grebes are small to medium-large sized freshwater ping birds. They have lobed toes, and are excellent swimmers and pers. However, they have their feet placed far back on the body, making them quite ungainly on land. There are 20 species worldwide, 7 North American species, and 6 Nevada species.

 

Pied-billed Grebe, Podilymbus podiceps

Horned Grebe, Podiceps auritus

Red-necked Grebe, Podiceps grisegena

Eared Grebe, Podiceps nigricollis

Western Grebe, Aechmorphorus occidentalis

Clark's Grebe, Aechmorphorus clarkii

[edit] Storm-petrelsOrder: Procellariiformes Family: Hydrobatidae

 

The storm-petrels are the smallest of seabirds, relatives of the petrels, feeding on planktonic crustaceans and small fish picked from the surface, typically while hovering. The flight is fluttering and sometimes bat-like. There are 21 species worldwide, 12 North American species, and 1 Nevada species.

 

Least Storm-Petrel, Oceanodroma microsoma

[edit] Boobies and gannetsOrder: Pelecaniformes Family: Sulidae

 

The sulids comprise the gannets and boobies. Both groups are medium-large coastal seabirds that plunge-pe for fish. There are 10 species worldwide, 5 North American species, and 2 Nevada species.

 

Blue-footed Booby, Sula nebouxii

Brown Booby, Sula leucogaster

[edit] PelicansOrder: Pelecaniformes Family: Pelecanidae

 

Pelicans are very large water birds with a distinctive pouch under the beak. Like other birds in the order Pelecaniformes, they have four webbed toes. There are 8 species world wide, 2 North American species, and 2 Nevada species.

 

American White Pelican, Pelecanus erythrorhynchos

Brown Pelican, Pelecanus occidentalis

[edit] CormorantsOrder: Pelecaniformes Family: Phalacrocoracidae

 

Cormorants are medium-to-large aquatic birds, usually with mainly dark plumage and areas of coloured skin on the face. The bill is long, thin, and sharply hooked. Their feet are four-toed and webbed, a distinguishing feature among the Pelecaniformes order. There are 36 species worldwide, 6 North American species, and 2 Nevada species.

 

Neotropic Cormorant, Phalacrocorax brasilianus

Double-crested Cormorant, Phalacrocorax auritus

[edit] FrigatebirdsOrder: Pelecaniformes Family: Fregatidae

 

Frigatebirds are large seabirds usually found over tropical oceans. They are large, black or black–and–white, with long wings and deeply-forked tails. The males have inflatable coloured throat pouches. They do not swim or walk, and cannot take off from a flat surface. Having the largest wingspan to body weight ratio of any bird, they are essentially aerial, able to stay aloft for more than a week. There are 5 species worldwide, 3 North American species, and 1 Nevada species.

 

Magnificent Frigatebird, Fregata magnificens

[edit] Bitterns, Herons, and EgretsOrder: Ciconiiformes Family: Ardeidae

 

The family Ardeidae contains the herons, egrets, and bitterns. Herons and Egrets are medium to large-sized wading birds with long necks and legs. Bitterns tend to be shorter necked and more secretive. Unlike other long-necked birds such as storks, ibises and spoonbills, members of Ardeidae fly with their necks retracted. There are 61 species worldwide, 17 North American species, and 12 Nevada species.

 

American Bittern, Botaurus lentiginosus

Least Bittern, Ixobrychus exilis

Great Blue Heron, Ardea herodias

Great Egret, Ardea alba

Snowy Egret, Egretta thula

Little Blue Heron, Egretta caerulea

Tricolored Heron, Egretta tricolor

Reddish Egret, Egretta rufescens

Cattle Egret, Bubulcus ibis

Green Heron, Butorides virescens

Black-crowned Night-Heron, Nycticorax nycticorax

Yellow-crowned Night-Heron, Nyctanassa violacea

[edit] Ibises and spoonbillsOrder: Ciconiiformes Family: Threskiornithidae

 

The family Threskiornithidae includes the ibises and spoonbills. They have long, broad wings. Their bodies tend to be elongated, the neck more so, with rather long legs. The bill is also long, decurved in the case of the ibises, straight and distinctively flattened in the spoonbills. There are 36 species world wide, 5 North American species, and 3 Nevada species.

 

Glossy Ibis, Plegadis falcinellus

White-faced Ibis, Plegadis chihi

Roseate Spoonbill, Ajaia ajaja

[edit] StorksOrder: Ciconiiformes Family: Ciconiidae

 

Storks are large, heavy, long-legged, long-necked wading birds with long stout bills and wide wingspans. They lack the powder down that other wading birds such as herons, spoonbills and ibises use to clean off fish slime. Storks lack a pharynx and are mute. There are 19 species world wide, 2 North American species, and 1 Nevada species.

 

Wood Stork, Mycteria americana

[edit] New World VulturesOrder: Ciconiiformes Family: Cathartidae

 

The New World vultures are not closely related to Old World vultures, but superficially resemble them because of convergent evolution. Like the Old World vultures, they are scavengers, however, unlike Old World vultures, which find carcasses by sight, New World vultures have a good sense of smell with which they locate carcasses. There are 7 species world wide, all found only in the Americas, 3 North American species, and 1 Nevada species

 

Turkey Vulture, Cathartes aura

[edit] Hawks, Kites, and EaglesOrder: Falconiformes Family: Accipitridae

 

The family Accipitridae is a family of birds of prey and include hawks, eagles, kites, harriers and Old World vultures. These birds have very large powerful hooked beaks for tearing flesh from their prey, strong legs, powerful talons, and keen eyesight. There are 233 species world wide, 28 North American species, and 18 Nevada species.

 

Osprey, Pandion haliaetus

White-tailed Kite, Elanus leucurus

Mississippi Kite, Ictinia mississippiensis

Bald Eagle, Haliaeetus leucocephalus

Northern Harrier, Circus cyaneus

Sharp-shinned Hawk, Accipiter striatus

Cooper's Hawk, Accipiter cooperii

Northern Goshawk, Accipiter gentilis

Common Black-Hawk, Buteogallus anthracinus

Harris's Hawk, Parabuteo unicinctus

Red-shouldered Hawk, Buteo lineatus

Broad-winged Hawk, Buteo platypterus

Swainson's Hawk, Buteo swainsoni

Zone-tailed Hawk, Buteo albonotatus

Red-tailed Hawk, Buteo jamaicensis

Ferruginous Hawk, Buteo regalis

Rough-legged Hawk, Buteo lagopus

Golden Eagle, Aquila chrysaetos

[edit] Caracaras and falconsOrder: Falconiformes Family: Falconidae

 

Falconidae is a family of diurnal birds of prey, notably the falcons and caracaras. They differ from hawks, eagles, and kites in that they kill with their beaks instead of their feet. There are 62 species world wide, 10 North American species, and 6 Nevada species.

 

Northern Caracara, Caracara cheriway

American Kestrel, Falco sparverius

Merlin, Falco columbarius

Gyrfalcon, Falco rusticolus

Peregrine Falcon, Falco peregrinus

Prairie Falcon, Falco mexicanus

[edit] Rails, Gallinules, and Coots

American CootOrder: Gruiformes Family: Rallidae

 

Rallidae is a large family of small to medium-sized birds which includes the rails, crakes, coots, and gallinules. The most typical family members occupy dense vegetation in damp environments near lakes, swamps, or rivers. In general they are shy and secretive birds, difficult to observe. Most species have strong legs, and have long toes which are well adapted to soft, uneven surfaces. They tend to have short, rounded wings and tend to be weak fliers. There are 143 species world wide, 13 North American species, and 8 Nevada species.

 

Yellow Rail, Coturnicops noveboracensis

Black Rail, Laterallus jamaicensis

Clapper Rail, Rallus longirostris

Virginia Rail, Rallus limicola

Sora, Porzana carolina

American Purple Gallinule, Porphyrio martinica

Common Moorhen, Gallinula chloropus

American Coot, Fulica americana

[edit] CranesOrder: Gruiformes Family: Gruidae

 

Cranes are large, long-legged and long-necked birds. Unlike the similar-looking but unrelated herons, cranes fly with necks outstretched, not pulled back. Most have elaborate and noisy courting displays or "dances". There are 15 species worldwide, 3 North American species, and 1 Nevada species.

 

Sandhill Crane, Grus canadensis

[edit] Lapwings and Plovers

KilldeerOrder: Charadriiformes Family: Charadriidae

 

The family Charadriidae includes the plovers, dotterels, and lapwings. They are small to medium-sized birds with compact bodies, short, thick necks and long, usually pointed, wings. They are found in open country worldwide, mostly in habitats near water, although there are some exceptions. There are 66 species worldwide, 17 North American species, and 7 Nevada species.

 

Black-bellied Plover, Pluvialis squatarola

American Golden-Plover, Pluvialis dominica

Pacific Golden Plover, Pluvialis fulva

Snowy Plover, Charadrius alexandrinus

Semipalmated Plover, Charadrius semipalmatus

Killdeer, Charadrius vociferus

Mountain Plover, Charadrius montanus

[edit] Stilts and AvocetsOrder: Charadriiformes Family: Recurvirostridae

 

Recurvirostridae is a family of large wading birds, which includes the avocets and the stilts. The avocets have long legs and long up-curved bills. The stilts have extremely long legs and long, thin, straight bills. There are 9 species world wide, 3 North American species, and 2 Nevada species.

 

Black-necked Stilt, Himantopus mexicanus

American Avocet, Recurvirostra americana

[edit] Sandpipers, Curlews, Stints, Godwits, Snipes, and PhalaropesOrder: Charadriiformes Family: Scolopacidae

 

The Scolopacidae are a large perse family of small to medium sized shorebirds including the Sandpipers, Curlews, Godwits, Shanks, Tattlers, Woodcocks, Snipes, Dowitchers and Phalaropes. The majority of species eat small invertebrates picked out of the mud or soil. Different lengths of legs and bills enable different species to feed in the same habitat, particularly on the coast, without direct competition for food. There are 86 species world wide, 65 North American species, and 33 Nevada species.

 

Spotted Sandpiper, Actitis macularia

Solitary Sandpiper, Tringa solitaria

Wandering Tattler, Tringa incana

Spotted Redshank, Tringa erythropus

Greater Yellowlegs, Tringa melanoleuca

Willet, Catoptrophorus semipalmatus

Lesser Yellowlegs, Tringa flavipes

Upland Sandpiper, Bartramia longicauda

Whimbrel, Numenius phaeopus

Long-billed Curlew, Numenius americanus

Hudsonian Godwit, Limosa haemastica

Marbled Godwit, Limosa fedoa

Ruddy Turnstone, Arenaria interpres

Red Knot, Calidris canutus

Sanderling, Calidris alba

Semipalmated Sandpiper, Calidris pusilla

Western Sandpiper, Calidris mauri

Red-necked Stint, Calidris ruficollis

Least Sandpiper, Calidris minutilla

Baird's Sandpiper, Calidris bairdii

Pectoral Sandpiper, Calidris melanotos

Sharp-tailed Sandpiper, Calidris acuminata

Dunlin, Calidris alpina

Curlew Sandpiper, Calidris ferruginea

Stilt Sandpiper, Calidris himantopus

Buff-breasted Sandpiper, Tryngites subruficollis

Ruff, Philomachus pugnax

Short-billed Dowitcher, Limnodromus griseus

Long-billed Dowitcher, Limnodromus scolopaceus

Wilson's Snipe, Gallinago delicata

Wilson's Phalarope, Phalaropus tricolor

Red-necked Phalarope, Phalaropus lobatus

Red Phalarope, Phalaropus fulicarius

[edit] Skuas, Gulls, Terns, and Skimmers

Ring-billed GullOrder: Charadriiformes Family: Laridae

 

Laridae is a family of medium to large seabirds and includes jaegers, skuas, gulls, terns, kittiwakes and skimmers. They are typically grey or white, often with black markings on the head or wings. They have stout, longish bills and webbed feet. There are 108 species world wide, 54 North American species, and 27 Nevada species.

 

Black-legged Kittiwake, Rissa tridactyla

Red-legged Kittiwake, Rissa brevirostris

Sabine's Gull, Xema sabini

Bonaparte's Gull, Larus philadelphia

Franklin's Gull, Larus pipixcan

Little Gull, Larus minutus

Heermann's Gull, Larus heermanni

Mew Gull, Larus canus

Ring-billed Gull, Larus delawarensis

Western Gull, Larus occidentalis

Yellow-footed Gull, Larus livens

California Gull, Larus californicus

Herring Gull, Larus argentatus

Thayer's Gull, Larus thayeri

Lesser Black-backed Gull, Larus fuscus

Glaucous-winged Gull, Larus glaucescens

Glaucous Gull, Larus hyperboreus

Least Tern, Sternula antillarum

Caspian Tern, Hydroprogne caspia

Black Tern, Chlidonias niger

Common Tern, Sterna hirundo

Arctic Tern, Sterna paradisaea

Forster's Tern, Sterna forsteri

Pomarine Jaeger, Stercorarius pomarinus

Parasitic Jaeger, Stercorarius parasiticus

Long-tailed Jaeger, Stercorarius longicaudus

Black Skimmer, Rynchops niger

[edit] Auks, Murres and PuffinsOrder: Cuculiformes Family: Alcidae

 

The family Alcidae includes auks, Murres and Puffins. These are short winged birds that live on the open sea and normally only come ashore for breeding. There are 23 species world wide, 22 North American species, and 1 Nevada species.

 

Ancient Murrelet, Synthliboarmphus antiquus

[edit] Pigeons and dovesOrder: Columbiformes Family: Columbidae

 

Pigeons and doves are stout-bodied birds with short necks and short slender bills with a fleshy cere. There are 308 species world wide, 18 North American species, and 8 Nevada species.

 

Rock Pigeon, Columba livia

Band-tailed Pigeon, Patagioenas fasciata

Eurasian Collared-Dove, Streptopelia decaocto

White-winged Dove, Zenaida asiatica

Mourning Dove, Zenaida macroura

Inca Dove, Columbina inca

Common Ground-Dove, Columbina passerina

Ruddy Ground Dove, Columbina talpacoti

[edit] Cuckoos, Roadrunners, and AnisOrder: Cuculiformes Family: Cuculidae

 

The family Cuculidae includes cuckoos, roadrunners and anis. These birds are of variable size with slender bodies, long tails and strong legs. Unlike the cuckoo species of the Old World, North American cuckoos are not brood parasites. There are 138 species world wide, 8 North American species, and 3 Nevada species.

 

Yellow-billed Cuckoo, Coccyzus americanus

Greater Roadrunner, Geococcyx californianus

Groove-billed Ani, Crotophaga sulcirostris

[edit] Barn OwlsOrder: Strigiformes Family: Tytonidae

 

Barn owls are medium to large sized owls with large heads and characteristic heart-shaped faces. They have long strong legs with powerful talons. There are 16 species world wide, 1 North American species, and 1 Nevada species.

 

Barn Owl, Tyto alba

[edit] True owlsOrder: Strigiformes Family: Strigidae

 

Typical owls are small to large solitary nocturnal birds of prey. They have large forward-facing eyes and ears, a hawk-like beak, and a conspicuous circle of feathers around each eye called a facial disk. There are 195 species world wide, 21 North American species, and 12 Nevada species.

 

Flammulated Owl, Otus flammeolus

Western Screech-Owl, Megascops kennicottii

Great Horned Owl, Bubo virginianus

Snowy Owl, Bubo scandiacus

Northern Pygmy-owl, Glaucidium gnoma

Elf Owl, Micrathene whitneyi

Burrowing Owl, Athene cunicularia

Spotted Owl, Strix occidentalis

Great Grey Owl, Strix nebulosa

Long-eared Owl, Asio otus

Short-eared Owl, Asio flammeus

Northern Saw-whet Owl, Aegolius acadicus

[edit] NightjarsOrder: Caprimulgiformes Family: Caprimulgidae

 

Nightjars are medium-sized nocturnal birds with long wings, short legs and very short bills that usually nest on the ground. Most have small feet, of little use for walking, and long pointed wings. Their soft plumage is cryptically coloured to resemble bark or leaves. There are 86 species world wide, 9 North American species, and 5 Nevada species.

 

Lesser Nighthawk, Chordeiles acutipennis

Common Nighthawk, Chordeiles minor

Common Poorwill, Phalaenoptilus nuttallii

Chuck-will's-widow, Caprimulgus carolinensis

Whip-poor-will, Caprimulgus vociferus

[edit] SwiftsOrder: Apodiformes Family: Apodidae

 

The swifts are small aerial birds, spending the majority of their lives flying. These birds have very short legs and never settle voluntarily on the ground, perching instead only on vertical surfaces. Many swifts have very long, swept-back wings that resemble a crescent or a boomerang. There are 98 species world wide, 9 North American species, and 3 Nevada species.

 

Black Swift, Cypseloides niger

Vaux's Swift, Chaetura vauxi

White-throated Swift, Aeronautes saxatalis

[edit] HummingbirdsOrder: Apodiformes Family: Trochilidae

 

Hummingbirds are small birds capable of hovering in mid-air due to the rapid flapping of their wings. They are the only birds that can fly backwards. There are 337 species world wide, 23 North American species, and 9 Nevada species.

 

Broad-billed Hummingbird, Cynanthus latirostris

Magnificent Hummingbird, Eugenes fulgens

Black-chinned Hummingbird, Archilochus alexandri

Anna's Hummingbird, Calypte anna

Costa's Hummingbird, Calypte costae

Calliope Hummingbird, Stellula calliope

Broad-tailed Hummingbird, Selasphorus platycercus

Rufous Hummingbird, Selasphorus rufus

Allen's Hummingbird, Selasphorus sasin

[edit] KingfishersOrder: Coraciiformes Family: Alcedinidae

 

Kingfishers are medium sized birds with large heads, long pointed bills, short legs, and stubby tails. There are 94 species world wide, 3 North American species, and 1 Nevada species.

 

Belted Kingfisher, Ceryle alcyon

[edit] Woodpeckers, Sapsuckers, and FlickersOrder: Piciformes Family: Picidae

 

Woodpeckers are small to medium sized birds with chisel like beaks, short legs, stiff tails and long tongues used for capturing insects. Some species have feet with two toes pointing forward, and two backward, while several species have only three toes. Many woodpeckers have the habit of tapping noisily on tree trunks with their beaks.There are 218 species world wide, 26 North American species, and 18 Nevada species.

 

Lewis's Woodpecker, Melanerpes lewis

Red-headed Woodpecker, Melanerpes erythrocephalus

Acorn Woodpecker, Melanerpes formicivorus

Gila Woodpecker, Melanerpes uropygialis

Williamson's Sapsucker, Sphyrapicus thyroideus

Yellow-bellied Sapsucker, Sphyrapicus varius

Red-naped Sapsucker, Sphyrapicus nuchalis

Red-breasted Sapsucker, Sphyrapicus ruber

Ladder-backed Woodpecker, Picoides scalaris

Nuttall's Woodpecker, Picoides nuttallii

Downy Woodpecker, Picoides pubescens

Hairy Woodpecker, Picoides villosus

White-headed Woodpecker, Picoides albolarvatus

American Three-toed Woodpecker, Picoides dorsalis

Black-backed Woodpecker, Picoides arcticus

Northern Flicker, Colaptes auratus

Gilded Flicker, Colaptes chrysoides

Pileated Woodpecker, Dryocopus pileatus

[edit] Tyrant FlycatchersOrder: Passeriformes Family: Tyrannidae

 

Tyrant flycatchers are Passerine birds which occur throughout North and South America. They superficially resemble the Old World flycatchers, but are more robust with stronger bills. They do not have the sophisticated vocal capabilities of the songbirds. Most, but not all, are rather plain. As the name implies, most are insectivorous. There are 429 species world wide, all found only in the Americas, 45 North American species, and 27 Nevada species.

 

Northern Beardless-Tyrannulet, Camptostoma imberbe

Olive-sided Flycatcher, Contopus cooperi

Greater Pewee, Contopus pertinax

Western Wood-Pewee, Contopus sordidulus

Eastern Wood-Pewee, Contopus virens

Yellow-bellied Flycatcher, Empidonax flaviventris

Willow Flycatcher, Empidonax traillii

Least Flycatcher, Empidonax minimus

Hammond's Flycatcher, Empidonax hammondii

Gray Flycatcher, Empidonax wrightii

Dusky Flycatcher, Empidonax oberholseri

Pacific-slope Flycatcher, Empidonax difficilis

Cordilleran Flycatcher, Empidonax occidentalis

Black Phoebe, Sayornis nigricans

Eastern Phoebe, Sayornis phoebe

Say's Phoebe, Sayornis saya

Vermilion Flycatcher, Pyrocephalus rubinus

Dusky-capped Flycatcher, Myiarchus tuberculifer

Ash-throated Flycatcher, Myiarchus cinerascens

Brown-crested Flycatcher, Myiarchus tyrannulus

Sulphur-bellied Flycatcher, Myiodynastes luteiventris

Tropical Kingbird, Tyrannus melancholicus

Cassin's Kingbird, Tyrannus vociferans

Thick-billed Kingbird, Tyrannus crassirostris

Western Kingbird, Tyrannus verticalis

Eastern Kingbird, Tyrannus tyrannus

Scissor-tailed Flycatcher, Tyrannus forficatus

[edit] ShrikesOrder: Passeriformes Family: Laniidae

 

Shrikes are passerine birds known for their habit of catching other birds and small animals and impaling the uneaten portions of their bodies on thorns. A typical shrike's beak is hooked, like a bird of prey. There are 31 species world wide 3 North American species, and 2 Nevada species.

 

Loggerhead Shrike, Lanius ludovicianus

Northern Shrike, Lanius excubitor

[edit] VireosOrder: Passeriformes Family: Vireonidae

 

The vireos are a group of small to medium sized passerine birds restricted to the New World. They are typically greenish in colour and resemble wood warblers apart from their heavier bills. There are 52 species world wide, 16 North American species, and 11 Nevada species.

 

White-eyed Vireo, Vireo griseus

Bell's Vireo, Vireo bellii

Gray Vireo, Vireo vicinior

Yellow-throated Vireo, Vireo flavifrons

Plumbeous Vireo, Vireo plumbeus

Cassin's Vireo, Vireo cassinii

Blue-headed Vireo, Vireo solitarius

Hutton's Vireo, Vireo huttoni

Warbling Vireo, Vireo gilvus

Philadelphia Vireo, Vireo philadelphicus

Red-eyed Vireo, Vireo olivaceus

[edit] Jays, Crows, Magpies, and RavensOrder: Passeriformes Family: Corvidae

 

The Corvidae family includes crows, ravens, jays, choughs, magpies, treepies, nutcrackers, and ground jays. Corvids are above average in size for the bird order Passeriformes. Some of the larger species show levels of learned behavior of a high degree. There are 120 species world wide, 21 North American speicies, and 9 Nevada species.

 

Grey Jay, Perisoreus canadensis

Steller's Jay, Cyanocitta stelleri

Blue Jay, Cyanocitta cristata

Western Scrub-Jay, Aphelocoma californica

Pinyon Jay, Gymnorhinus cyanocephalus

Clark's Nutcracker, Nucifraga columbiana

Black-billed Magpie, Pica hudsonia

American Crow, Corvus brachyrhynchos

Common Raven, Corvus corax

[edit] LarksOrder: Passeriformes Family: Alaudidae

 

Larks are small terrestrial birds with often extravagant songs and display flights. Most larks are fairly dull in appearance. Their food is insects and seeds. There are 91 species world wide, 2 North American species, and 1 Nevada species.

 

Horned Lark, Eremophila alpestris

[edit] Swallows and martinsOrder: Passeriformes Family: Hirundinidae

 

The Hirundinidae family is a group of passerines characterised by their adaptation to aerial feeding. Their adaptations include a slender streamlined body, long pointed wings and short bills with a wide gape. The feet are designed for perching rather than walking, and the front toes are partially joined at the base. There are 75 species world wide, 14 North American species, and 7 Nevada species.

 

Purple Martin, Progne subis

Tree Swallow, Tachycineta bicolor

Violet-green Swallow, Tachycineta thalassina

Northern Rough-winged Swallow, Stelgidopteryx serripennis

Bank Swallow, Riparia riparia

Cliff Swallow, Petrochelidon pyrrhonota

Barn Swallow, Hirundo rustica

[edit] Chickadees and titmiceOrder: Passeriformes Family: Paridae

 

The Paridae are mainly small stocky woodland species with short stout bills. Some have crests. They are adaptable birds, with a mixed diet including seeds and insects. There are 59 species world wide, 12 North American species and 4 Nevada species.

 

Black-capped Chickadee, Poecile atricapilla

Mountain Chickadee, Poecile gambeli

Juniper Titmouse, Baeolophus ridgwayi

Verdin, Auriparus flaviceps

[edit] BushtitsOrder: Passeriformes Family: Aegithalidae

 

Long-tailed tits are a group of small passerine birds with medium to long tails. They make woven bag nests in trees. Most eat a mixed diet that includes insects. There are 9 species world wide, 1 North American species, and 1 Nevada species.

 

Bushtit, Psaltriparus minimus

[edit] NuthatchesOrder: Passeriformes Family: Sittidae

 

Nuthatches are small woodland birds. They have the unusual ability to climb down trees head first, unlike other birds which can only go upwards. Nuthatches have big heads, short tails and powerful bills and feet. There are 24 species world wide, 4 North American species, and 3 Nevada species.

 

Red-breasted Nuthatch, Sitta canadensis

White-breasted Nuthatch, Sitta carolinensis

Pygmy Nuthatch, Sitta pygmaea

[edit] TreecreepersOrder: Passeriformes Family: Certhiidae

 

Treecreepers are small woodland birds, brown above and white below. They have thin pointed down-curved bills, which they use to extricate insects from bark. They have stiff tail feathers, like woodpeckers, which they use to support themselves on vertical trees. There are 6 species world wide, 1 North American species , and 1 Nevada species.

 

Brown Creeper, Certhia americana

[edit] WrensOrder: Passeriformes Family: Troglodytidae

 

Wrens are small and inconspicuous birds, except for their loud songs. They have short wings and a thin down-turned bill. Several species often hold their tails upright. All are insectivorous. There are 79 species world wide, 9 North American species, and 7 Nevada species.

 

Cactus Wren, Campylorhynchus brunneicapillus

Rock Wren, Salpinctes obsoletus

Canyon Wren, Catherpes mexicanus

Bewick's Wren, Thryomanes bewickii

House Wren, Troglodytes aedon

Winter Wren, Troglodytes troglodytes

Marsh Wren, Cistothorus palustris

[edit] DippersOrder: Passeriformes Family: Cinclidae

 

Dippers are small, stout, birds that feed in cold, fast moving streams. There are 5 species world wide, 1 North American species and 1 Nevada species.

 

American Dipper, Cinclus mexicanus

[edit] KingletsOrder: Passeriformes Family: Regulidae

 

The kinglets are a small family of birds which resemble the titmice. They are very small insectivorous birds in the genus Regulus. The adults have coloured crowns, giving rise to their names. There are 5 species world wide, 2 North American species, and 2 Nevada species.

 

Golden-crowned Kinglet, Regulus satrapa

Ruby-crowned Kinglet, Regulus calendula

[edit] Old World warblers and GnatcatchersOrder: Passeriformes Family: Sylviidae

 

The family Sylviidae is a group of small insectivorous passerine birds. The Sylviidae mainly occur as breeding species, as the common name implies, in Europe, Asia and, to a lesser extent Africa. Most are of generally undistinguished appearance, but many have distinctive songs. There are about 300 species world wide, 12 North American Species and 2 Nevada species.

 

Blue-gray Gnatcatcher, Polioptila caerulea

Black-tailed Gnatcatcher, Polioptila melanura

[edit] ThrushesOrder: Passeriformes Family: Turdidae

 

The Thrushes are a group of passerine birds that occur mainly but not exclusively in the Old World. They are plump, soft plumaged, small to medium sized insectivores or sometimes omnivores, often feeding on the ground. Many have attractive songs. There are 335 species world wide, 28 North American species, and 10 Nevada species.

 

Western Bluebird, Sialia mexicana

Mountain Bluebird, Sialia currucoides

Townsend's Solitaire, Myadestes townsendi

Veery, Catharus fuscescens

Gray-cheeked Thrush, Catharus minimus

Swainson's Thrush, Catharus ustulatus

Hermit Thrush, Catharus guttatus

Wood Thrush, Hylocichla mustelina

American Robin, Turdus migratorius

Varied Thrush, Ixoreus naevius

[edit] Mockingbirds and ThrashersOrder: Passeriformes Family: Mimidae

 

The Mimids are a family of passerine birds that includes thrashers, mockingbirds, tremblers, and the New World catbirds. These birds are notable for their vocalization, especially their remarkable ability to mimic a wide variety of birds and other sounds heard outdoors. The species tend towards dull grays and browns in their appearance. There are 35 species world wide, 13 North American species, and 8 Nevada species.

 

Gray Catbird, Dumetella carolinensis

Northern Mockingbird, Mimus polyglottos

Sage Thrasher, Oreoscoptes montanus

Brown Thrasher, Toxostoma rufum

Bendire's Thrasher, Toxostoma bendirei

Curve-billed Thrasher, Toxostoma curvirostre

Crissal Thrasher, Toxostoma crissale

Le Conte's Thrasher, Toxostoma lecontei

[edit] StarlingsOrder: Passeriformes Family: Sturnidae

 

Starlings are small to medium-sized passerine birds. They are medium-sized passerines with strong feet. Their flight is strong and direct, and they are very gregarious. Their preferred habitat is fairly open country, and they eat insects and fruit. Plumage is typically dark with a metallic sheen. There are 125 species world wide, 3 North American species, and 1 Nevada species.

 

European Starling, Sturnus vulgaris (I)

[edit] Wagtails and pipitsOrder: Passeriformes Family: Motacillidae

 

The Motacillidae are a family of small passerine birds with medium to long tails. They include the wagtails, longclaws and pipits. They are slender, ground feeding insectivores of open country. There are 54 species world wide, 11 North American species, and 3 Nevada species.

 

Olive-backed Pipit, Anthus hodgsoni

American Pipit, Anthus rubescens

Sprague's Pipit, Anthus spragueii

[edit] WaxwingsOrder: Passeriformes Family: Bombycillidae

 

The waxwings are a group of passerine birds characterised by soft silky plumage and unique red tips to some of the wing feathers. In the Bohemian and Cedar Waxwings, these tips look like sealing wax, and give the group its name. These are arboreal birds of northern forests. They live on insects in summer and berries in winter. There are three species world wide, 2 North American species, and 2 Nevada species.

 

Bohemian Waxwing, Bombycilla garrulus

Cedar Waxwing, Bombycilla cedrorum

[edit] Silky-flycatchersOrder: Passeriformes Family: Ptilogonatidae

 

The silky-flycatchers are a small family of passerine birds which occur mainly in Central America, although the range of one species extends to central California. They are related to waxwings, and like that group have a soft silky plumage, usually grey or pale yellow in colour. They have small crests. There are 4 species world wide, 2 North American species, and 1 Nevada species.

 

Phainopepla, Phainopepla nitens

[edit] Wood-warblersOrder: Passeriformes Family: Parulidae

 

The Wood Warblers are a group of small often colourful passerine birds restricted to the New World. Most are arboreal, but some like the Ovenbird and the two waterthrushes, are more terrestrial. Most members of this family are insectivores. There are 119 species world wide, 57 North American species, and 44 Nevada species.

 

Blue-winged Warbler, Vermivora pinus

Golden-winged Warbler, Vermivora chrysoptera

Tennessee Warbler, Vermivora peregrina

Orange-crowned Warbler, Vermivora celata

Nashville Warbler, Vermivora ruficapilla

Virginia's Warbler, Vermivora virginiae

Lucy's Warbler, Vermivora luciae

Northern Parula, Parula americana

Yellow Warbler, Dendroica petechia

Chestnut-sided Warbler, Dendroica pensylvanica

Magnolia Warbler, Dendroica magnolia

Cape May Warbler, Dendroica tigrina

Black-throated Blue Warbler, Dendroica caerulescens

Yellow-rumped Warbler, Dendroica coronata

Black-throated Gray Warbler, Dendroica nigrescens

Black-throated Green Warbler, Dendroica virens

Townsend's Warbler, Dendroica townsendi

Hermit Warbler, Dendroica occidentalis

Blackburnian Warbler, Dendroica fusca

Yellow-throated Warbler, Dendroica dominica

Grace's Warbler, Dendroica graciae

Pine Warbler, Dendroica pinus

Prairie Warbler, Dendroica discolor

Palm Warbler, Dendroica palmarum

Bay-breasted Warbler, Dendroica castanea

Blackpoll Warbler, Dendroica striata

Cerulean Warbler, Dendroica cerulea

Black-and-white Warbler, Mniotilta varia

American Redstart, Setophaga ruticilla

Prothonotary Warbler, Protonotaria citrea

Worm-eating Warbler, Helmitheros vermivorus

Ovenbird, Seiurus aurocapilla

Northern Waterthrush, Seiurus noveboracensis

Louisiana Waterthrush, Seiurus motacilla

Kentucky Warbler, Oporornis formosus

Connecticut Warbler, Oporornis agilis

Mourning Warbler, Oporornis philadelphia

MacGillivray's Warbler, Oporornis tolmiei

Common Yellowthroat, Geothlypis trichas

Hooded Warbler, Wilsonia citrina

Wilson's Warbler, Wilsonia pusilla

Canada Warbler, Wilsonia canadensis

Painted Redstart, Myioborus pictus

Yellow-breasted Chat, Icteria virens

[edit] TanagersOrder: Passeriformes Family: Thraupidae

 

The tanagers are a large group of small to medium-sized passerine birds restricted to the New World, mainly in the tropics. Many species are brightly coloured. They are seedeaters, but their preference tends towards fruit and nectar. Most have short, rounded wings. There are 256 species world wide, 6 North American species, and 3 Nevada species.

 

Summer Tanager, Piranga rubra

Scarlet Tanager, Piranga olivacea

Western Tanager, Piranga ludoviciana

[edit] American sparrows, Towhees, Juncos, and LongspursOrder: Passeriformes Family: Emberizidae

 

The Emberizidae are a large family of passerine birds. They are seed-eating birds with a distinctively shaped bill. In Europe, most species are named as buntings. In North America, most of the species in this family are known as Sparrows, but these birds are not closely related to the Old World sparrows which are in the family Passeridae. Many emberizid species have distinctive head patterns. There are 275 species world wide, 60 North American species, and 34 Nevada species.

 

Green-tailed Towhee, Pipilo chlorurus

Spotted Towhee, Pipilo maculatus

Abert's Towhee, Pipilo aberti

Cassin's Sparrow, Aimophila cassinii

Rufous-crowned Sparrow, Aimophila ruficeps

American Tree Sparrow, Spizella arborea

Chipping Sparrow, Spizella passerina

Clay-colored Sparrow, Spizella pallida

Brewer's Sparrow, Spizella breweri

Field Sparrow, Spizella pusilla

Black-chinned Sparrow, Spiezella atrogularis

Vesper Sparrow, Pooecetes gramineus

Lark Sparrow, Chondestes grammacus

Black-throated Sparrow, Amphispiza bilineata

Sage Sparrow, Amphispiza belli

Lark Bunting, Calamospiza melanocorys

Savannah Sparrow, Passerculus sandwichensis

Grasshopper Sparrow, Ammodramus savannarum

Baird's Sparrow, Ammodramus bairdii

Le Conte's Sparrow, Ammodramus leconteii

Fox Sparrow, Passerella iliaca

Song Sparrow, Melospiza melodia

Lincoln's Sparrow, Melospiza lincolnii

Swamp Sparrow, Melospiza georgiana

White-throated Sparrow, Zonotrichia albicollis

Harris's Sparrow, Zonotrichia querula

White-crowned Sparrow, Zonotrichia leucophrys

Golden-crowned Sparrow, Zonotrichia atricapilla

Dark-eyed Junco, Junco hyemalis

McCown's Longspur, Calcarius mccownii

Lapland Longspur, Calcarius lapponicus

Smith's Longspur, Calcarius pictus

Chestnut-collared Longspur, Calcarius ornatus

Snow Bunting, Plectrophenax nivalis

[edit] Cardinals, Saltators, and GrosbeaksOrder: Passeriformes Family: Cardinalidae

 

The Cardinals are a family of passerine birds that are robust, seed-eating birds, with strong bills. They are typically associated with open woodland. The sexes usually have distinct plumages. There are 43 species world wide, 13 North American species and 9 Nevada species.

 

Northern Cardinal, Cardinalis cardinalis

Pyrrhuloxia, Cardinalis sinuatus

Rose-breasted Grosbeak, Pheucticus ludovicianus

Black-headed Grosbeak, Pheucticus melanocephalus

Blue Grosbeak, Passerina caerulea

Lazuli Bunting, Passerina amoena

Indigo Bunting, Passerina cyanea

Painted Bunting, Passerina ciris

Dickcissel, Spiza americana

[edit] IcteridsOrder: Passeriformes Family: Icteridae

 

The Icterids are a group of small to medium, often colourful passerine birds restricted to the New World and include the grackles, New World blackbirds, and New World orioles. Most species have black as a predominant plumage colour, often enlivened by yellow, orange or red. There are 98 species world wide, 25 North American species, and 16 Nevada species.

 

Bobolink, Dolichonyx oryzivorus

Red-winged Blackbird, Agelaius phoeniceus

Tricolored Blackbird, Agelaius tricolor

Western Meadowlark, Sturnella neglecta

Yellow-headed Blackbird, Xanthocephalus xanthocephalus

Rusty Blackbird, Euphagus carolinus

Brewer's Blackbird, Euphagus cyanocephalus

Common Grackle, Quiscalus quiscula

Great-tailed Grackle, Quiscalus mexicanus

Bronzed Cowbird, Molothrus aeneus

Brown-headed Cowbird, Molothrus ater

Orchard Oriole, Icterus spurius

Hooded Oriole, Icterus cucullatus

Bullock's Oriole, Icterus bullockii

Baltimore Oriole, Icterus galbula

Scott's Oriole, Icterus parisorum

[edit] Fringilline Finches, Cardueline Finches, and AlliesOrder: Passeriformes Family: Fringillidae

 

Finches are seed-eating passerine birds, that are small to moderately large and have a strong beak, usually conical and in some species very large. All have 12 tail feathers and 9 primaries. These birds have a bouncing flight with alternating bouts of flapping and gliding on closed wings, and most sing well. There are 137 species world wide, 23 North American species, and 16 Nevada species.

 

Brambling, Fringilla montifringilla

Gray-crowned Rosy-Finch, Leucosticte tephrocotis

Black Rosy-Finch, Leucosticte atrata

Pine Grosbeak, Pinicola enucleator

Purple Finch, Carpodacus purpureus

Cassin's Finch, Carpodacus cassinii

House Finch, Carpodacus mexicanus

Red Crossbill, Loxia curvirostra

White-winged Crossbill, Loxia leucoptera

Common Redpoll, Carduelis flammea

Hoary Redpoll, Carduelis hornemanni

Pine Siskin, Carduelis pinus

Lesser Goldfinch, Carduelis psaltria

Lawrence's Goldfinch, Carduelis lawrencei

American Goldfinch, Carduelis tristis

Evening Grosbeak, Coccothraustes vespertinus

[edit] Old World sparrowsOrder: Passeriformes Family: Passeridae

 

Old World sparrows are small passerine birds. In general, sparrows tend to be small plump brownish or greyish birds with short tails and short powerful beaks. Sparrows are seed-eaters, and they also consume small insects. There are 35 species world wide, 2 North American species, and 1 Nevada species.

 

House Sparrow, Passer domesticus (I)